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Combination or oily skin prone to acne

Combination or oily skin prone to acne suffers from excess sebum and is characterized by an uneven and glistening appearance on the entire face or T-zone (forehead, nose and chin), often accompanied by blemishes. It is particularly common in teenagers, but can also affect adults temporarily or permanently.

Understanding oily skin prone to acne
The facial skin is dotted with pores that contain a pilosebaceous follicle, consisting of a hair and a sebaceous gland. The sebaceous gland produces sebum, an oily substance that protects the skin from external damage.
As the result of increased sensitivity or overproduction of male hormones in the body, sebaceous follicles may become unbalanced: the sebaceous gland enlarges and produces excess sebum, causing the skin to become oily.
Oily skin prone to acne is very common in teenagers and young adults, due to the hormonal upheavals that accompany adolescence. However, it may persist beyond adolescence due to genetic or hormonal factors: some skins are oily by nature and remain oily for the whole of the person’s life. In other cases, the skin can become oily temporarily during hormonal changes: menstruation, pregnancy, menopause or stress. Finally, some medications can also affect the production of male hormones and thus cause oily skin.
The characteristics of oily skin prone to acne
With a dull, shiny or even oleaginous appearance, Oily skin prone to acne has an irregular grain and dilated pores that are visible to the naked eye. The excess sebum that is typical of oily skin often results in minor blemishes (comedones) or more or less serious acne.
Although it is often poorly supported, oily skin does have one advantage: its thick protective layer of excess sebum provides more resistance to the signs of ageing.
Combination skin types
Combination skin has the same features as oily skin, but only on the T-zone of the face, which is particularly rich in sebaceous glands: the forehead, sides of the nose and chin. The skin of the cheeks may be normal or dry. Combination skin is particularly difficult to maintain, because it has different needs depending on the area of the face.